WordPress Custom Taxonomy Input Panels

Would you like to add new custom fields to your WordPress posts, pages, and categories? Now you can easily do this with the WordPress custom taxonomy system. For example, if you have a blog on movie reviews, you may want to add the fields Actors and Genre to each of your posts.

What is less clear, however, is how you can expand your WordPress admin interface, so that users can easily enter in these new custom fields. WordPress 2.8+ will only include an input interface for custom taxonomies associated with posts. In addition, this input interface is the standard tag interface, where you must type in the new fields as plain text.

If you are looking for a drop-down menu, or a radio button list, you are out of luck.

Here, we consider how you can flexibly expand your WordPress post interface and style your custom taxonomy input panel however you want.

1. Create Your WordPress Custom Taxonomy

First, we create a simple test attribute called theme and we associate it with our WordPress posts. We add three initial terms to our new theme attribute – Beauty, Halloween, and Dragons.

Note that the hierarchical argument simply refers to whether your new theme attribute is a hierarchical structure, such as your WordPress categories, or whether it is flat, such as your WordPress tags.

The hierarchical argument does not currently affect the input interface of your new attribute. As of WordPress 2.8, the normal tag input interface will be used for all custom taxonomy attributes. To restyle the custom taxonomy input interface, you must use the add_meta_box command.

add_action( 'init', 'create_theme_taxonomy', 0 );

function create_theme_taxonomy() {
	if (!taxonomy_exists('theme')) {
		register_taxonomy( 'theme', 'post', array( 'hierarchical' => false, 'label' => __('Theme'), 'query_var' => 'theme', 'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'theme' ) ) );

		wp_insert_term('Beauty', 'theme');
		wp_insert_term('Dragons', 'theme');
		wp_insert_term('Halloween', 'theme');
	}
}

2. Styling Your Custom Taxonomy Input

To add input menus to your WordPress post interface, you want to use the WordPress add_meta_box command. In the example code below, we add a new custom field called Theme into our WordPress post interface. Simply include the code into your functions.php theme or plugin file.

function add_theme_box() {
	add_meta_box('theme_box_ID', __('Theme'), 'your_styling_function', 'post', 'side', 'core');
}	

function add_theme_menus() {

	if ( ! is_admin() )
		return;

	add_action('admin_menu', 'add_theme_box');
}

add_theme_menus();

The add_meta_box function adds your_styling_function to the WordPress blog system so that it gets called whenever the Edit Post screen is rendered. You can use the same function to add input code to Edit Page and Edit Link screens.

The example your_styling_function below will add a drop-down menu to your blog Edit Post screen, containing all the current terms on your theme custom taxonomy.

// This function gets called in edit-form-advanced.php
function your_styling_function($post) {

	echo '<input type="hidden" name="taxonomy_noncename" id="taxonomy_noncename" value="' . 
    		wp_create_nonce( 'taxonomy_theme' ) . '" />';

	
	// Get all theme taxonomy terms
	$themes = get_terms('theme', 'hide_empty=0'); 

?>
<select name='post_theme' id='post_theme'>
	<!-- Display themes as options -->
    <?php 
        $names = wp_get_object_terms($post->ID, 'theme'); 
        ?>
        <option class='theme-option' value='' 
        <?php if (!count($names)) echo "selected";?>>None</option>
        <?php
	foreach ($themes as $theme) {
		if (!is_wp_error($names) && !empty($names) && !strcmp($theme->slug, $names[0]->slug)) 
			echo "<option class='theme-option' value='" . $theme->slug . "' selected>" . $theme->name . "</option>\n"; 
		else
			echo "<option class='theme-option' value='" . $theme->slug . "'>" . $theme->name . "</option>\n"; 
	}
   ?>
</select>    
<?php
}

Lines 4-5 – Add security nonce check.
Line 9 – We use the hide_empty=0 argument for the get_terms function so that all theme choices will be returned, even the ones that have not yet been assigned to any post.
Line 15 – We use the wp_get_object_terms function to get the theme currently associated with our post so that we may pre-select it in our drop-down menu.
Lines 17-25 – Render our drop-down menu, populating it with our theme names.
Note – On lines 22 and 24, we are now setting the theme-option value to $theme->slug. As pointed out by Adam in the comments section, the taxonomy object slug is unique (unlike its name), and this will prevent duplicate taxonomy terms from being created.

Note that when you add your new drop-down menu box, the old tag input box will still appear. To only include one input box, use the remove_meta_box command as suggested by Leo Mysor in the comments section below.

remove_meta_box('tagsdiv-theme','post','core');

Note – For non-hierarchical taxonomies (like tags) you want to use tagsdiv-{$taxonomy_name}, e.g. tagsdiv-theme. For hierarchical taxonomies (like categories) you want to use {$taxonomy_name}div, e.g. themediv.

You can add the remove_meta_box command before your add_meta_box statement.

Alternatively, you can register your custom taxonomy attribute to something other than ‘post’. In the code example below, we register our theme custom taxonomy to shiba_post, which gets rid of the standard tag input box in the Edit Post screen.

register_taxonomy( 'theme', 'shiba_post', array( 'hierarchical' => false, 'label' => __('Theme'), 'query_var' => 'theme', 'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'theme' ) ) );

However, as pointed out by Leo, this also removes your taxonomy tab from the Posts menu and makes it difficult for others to add new items to your taxonomy.

3. Saving Your New Inputs

Now, we can insert any input panel we want for our custom taxonomy, however, we still need a way to save those input values. This can be achieved with the save_post WordPress hook. This hook allows you to execute a function of your choice when a WordPress post gets saved. There are similar hooks for saving pages and links.

Just add the save_post hook to your existing add_theme_menus function. For example, the code below registers the save_taxonomy_data function with the WordPress blog system so that it gets executed whenever a WordPress post is saved or updated.

function add_theme_menus() {

	if ( ! is_admin() )
		return;

	add_action('admin_menu', 'add_theme_box');

	/* Use the save_post action to save new post data */
	add_action('save_post', 'save_taxonomy_data');
}

Now, you just need to specify your save_taxonomy_data function. We can adapt our own save function from the add_meta_data example on WordPress.org.

function save_taxonomy_data($post_id) {
// verify this came from our screen and with proper authorization.

 	if ( !wp_verify_nonce( $_POST['taxonomy_noncename'], 'taxonomy_theme' )) {
    	return $post_id;
  	}

  	// verify if this is an auto save routine. If it is our form has not been submitted, so we dont want to do anything
  	if ( defined('DOING_AUTOSAVE') && DOING_AUTOSAVE ) 
    	return $post_id;

  
  	// Check permissions
  	if ( 'page' == $_POST['post_type'] ) {
    	if ( !current_user_can( 'edit_page', $post_id ) )
      		return $post_id;
  	} else {
    	if ( !current_user_can( 'edit_post', $post_id ) )
      	return $post_id;
  	}

  	// OK, we're authenticated: we need to find and save the data
	$post = get_post($post_id);
	if (($post->post_type == 'post') || ($post->post_type == 'page')) { 
           // OR $post->post_type != 'revision'
           $theme = $_POST['post_theme'];
	   wp_set_object_terms( $post_id, $theme, 'theme' );
        }
	return $theme;

}

Lines 4-6 – First we do a nonce check to ensure that the function is being called by our very own your_styling_function. Make sure that the taxonomy_noncename and taxonomy_theme terms match those that were created earlier, on lines 4-5 in your_styling_function.

Lines 9-10 – Take no action for auto-saves.

Lines 14-20 – Check that the current user has proper permissions to edit posts.

Lines 23-28 – Associates our post with the new theme taxonomy data. It is important to do a post_type check here, because this function will also get called on post revision objects.

As pointed out by Angelia, this results in double counting the newly added taxonomy relationship.

4. Getting a Taxonomy Term Count

If you want to get the count of a particular taxonomy term, i.e., the number of objects that it is associated with, you can easily extract that figure from the WordPress term_taxonomy database.

Just add the count code into the foreach $themes loop.

global $wpdb;
foreach ($themes as $theme) {

        $count = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT count FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_taxonomy_id = %d", $theme->term_taxonomy_id) );

        /* Your code here to display the count ... */
}

While registering your custom taxonomy, you can link an update_count_callback function to it. This function will get called every time any term in your taxonomy gets a count update. This allows you to control what actually gets stored in the count column of your custom taxonomy terms.

$args = array( 'hierarchical' => false, 
               'update_count_callback' => 'test_taxonomy_count', 
               'label' => __('Theme'), 
               'query_var' => 'theme', 
               'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'theme' ) )
register_taxonomy( 'theme', 'post',  $args);

// This test count function just does the default WordPress operations
function test_taxonomy_count($terms) {
	global $wpdb;
	$terms = array_map('intval', $terms);
	
	foreach ( (array) $terms as $term) {
		$count = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_relationships WHERE term_taxonomy_id = %d", $term) );
		$wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, compact( 'count' ), array( 'term_taxonomy_id' => $term ) );
	}
}

5. All Done!

You can use the same code to style your custom taxonomy input panels for pages and links. Just change the post attribute to page or link when calling add_meta_box and use the save_page, edit_link, and add_link hooks instead of save_post.

You can also add new fields to your WordPress blog categories using a similar system.

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Comments

  1. Imperative Ideas says

    This just made my day man. I was almost sure I was going to spend the next few hours figuring it out myself.

  2. Johan says

    Hello and thanks for a super tutorial!
    I’m struggling to add another dropdown list, but i cant get it to work. Do you have any suggestions on how to do it?

    Much appreciated!

  3. paulius says

    Hello, thanks for great tutorial! I have one problem: I’ve created 2 dropdowns but data saving only from one (the lower one). I have read all your comments under this tutorial and I found your answer about unique HTML names of select. My both selects have different names and ids, but problem remains. Maybe you can help me? Thanks in advance!

    • says

      Did you also expand your save function to read inputs from both dropdowns? We can also print out the $_POST array and see if the proper values are being stored.

      If not, then there may be an issue with the HTML source, so I would check there.

  4. ini says

    How do you add an additional text input after the dropdown to alternatively add a new term to the taxonomy (within the same metabox)?

    Much appreciated, thank you

  5. ecp says

    I’m trying to implement this in a plugin wherein I register the taxonomy first (for a custom post type).

    First, just to be clear, is the styling function called automatically in edit_form_advanced.php? Because otherwise I don’t know how to call it from there, from the outside.

    More importantly, on the “Add New” page, I get a Notice that says “Undefined index: taxonomy_noncename in …” Why is that? What’s to be done about it?

    Thanks a mil

  6. jcnv says

    Where does one modify Step 3′s code to apply this to a custom post type? I’m stuck and getting a bit confused by lines 23-29. Brilliant post, though. This is literally the only place I’ve been able to find such a tutorial.

    Thanks!

  7. Justin Chow says

    Great Tut. I had trouble finding good info on this, but your tutorial gave me everything I needed. Thanks!

  8. James Chester says

    Great tutorial, I am working on a custom post type and I’ve created a custom metabox drop down for AM or PM but it won’t save my value. Can someone help me? I’m in a jam with my deadline looming. I can send my code.

    Best,
    James

    • says

      If something is not saving, I usually just try to echo something out in the save_taxonomy_data function and then exit. For example -

      print_r($_POST); exit;
      

      This lets me know if I am hitting the save function, and what input values it is getting.

  9. Robbert says

    Hi,
    I got it all working in my backend (created custom taxonomy drop down, saves, updates etc), but is there any possibility to use the custom taxonomies on my front-end form?

    I use a custom made front-end form. How can i display the custom made taxonomy dropdown there and be save the data once the user sends the form? Is there any code or source i can use for this?

    thnx!

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  2. [...] Would you like to add new custom fields to your WordPress posts, pages, and categories? Now you can easily do this with the WordPress custom taxonomy system . For example, if you have a blog on movie reviews, you may want to add the fields Actors and Genre to each of your posts. WordPress Custom Taxonomy Input Panels [...]

  3. [...] WordPress Custom Taxonomy Input Panels remove_meta_box ( 'tagsdiv-theme' , 'post' , 'core' ) ; Note – For non-hierarchical taxonomies (like tags) you want to use tagsdiv-{$taxonomy_name}, e.g. tagsdiv-theme . For hierarchical taxonomies (like categories) you want to use {$taxonomy_name}div, e.g. themediv . [...]

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